The concept of organisational Behaviour
Organization is the backbone of management. No management can
perform its functions smoothly Without an efficient organization.
It's refers to the behavior of individuals and groups within
organizations and the interaction between organizational members
and their external environment.
Nature of organization behaviour
- A separate field of study
- An applied science
- A total system Approach
- An Interdisciplinary Approach
- Normative Science
- Humanistic and optimistic Approach
- A separate field of study: A discipline is an accepted science that is based on a theoretical foundation. But , organization behaviour has a multi-interdisciplinary orientation and is, thus, not based on a specific theoretical background. Therefore, it is better reasonable to call organization behaviour a separate field of study rather than a discipline only.
- An applied science: The very nature of organization behaviour is applied. What organization behaviour basically does is the application of various researches to solve the organizational problems related to human behaviour. The basic line of difference between pure science and organization behaviour is that while the former concentrates of fundamental researches, the latter concentrates on applied researches. organization behaviour involves both applied research and its application in organizational analysis. Hence, organization behaviour can be called both science as well as art.
- A total system Approach: The system approach is one that integrates all the variables, affecting organizational functioning. The systems approach has been developed by the behavioural scientists to analyse human behaviour in view of his/her socio-psychological framework. Man's socio-psychological framework makes man a complex one and the systemsapproach tries to study his/her complexity and find solution to it.
- An Interdisciplinary Approach: Organizational behaviour is essentially an interdisciplinary approach to study human behaviour at work. It tries to integrate the relevant knowledge drawn from related disciplines like psychology, sociology and anthropology to make them applicable for studying and analysing organizational behaviour.
- Normative Science: Organizational Behaviour is a normative science also. While the positive science discusses only cause effect relationship, Organizational Behaviour prescribes how the findings of applied researches can be applied to socially accepted organizational goals. Thus, Organizational Behaviour deals with what is accepted by individuals and society engaged in an organization. Organizational Behaviour is normative as well that is well underscored by the proliferation of management theories.
- Humanistic and optimistic Approach: It's applies humanistic approach towards people working in the organization. It, deals with the thinking and feeling of human beings. O.B. is based on the belief that people have an innate desire to be independent, creative and productive. It also realizes that people working in the organization can and will actualize these potentials if they are given proper conditions and environment. Environment affects performance of workers in an organization.
- To describe
- To understand
- To predict
- To control
- Autocratic Model-The autocratic model depends on power. Managers see authority as the only means to get the things done and employees are expected to follow orders. So it results in the higher dependence on the boss.
- The Custodial Model- To overcome the shortcomings of autocratic model, it came into existence.This model is reward based.More emphasis is on economic rewards and benefits to motivate employees.
- The Supportive Model- It works in the public sector organization which is dependent on effective leadership. Here, it is assumed that workers are self directed and creative. Importance in this model is given to psychological needs, self esteem, job satisfaction and friendly relations between superior – subordinate.
- The Collegial Model-This is a best model based on the partnership between workers and management in which both work together as a team and respect each other. Workers are satisfied by their job and they are committed to the organisation.